Misunderstandings that people have in the purchase and use of furniture.
Many customers see a product in a furniture store, and the first sentence is to ask if it is all solid wood? When he heard a negative answer, he turned his head and left. In fact, this is because of their lack of understanding of modern panel furniture.
The modern panel furniture corresponding to the traditional solid wood furniture is centered on man-made panels. For the most commonly used MDF, it is made of wood fibers or other plant fibers and added with adhesives such as resins. Therefore, solid wood edge sealing and veneer are the highest-level practices for panel furniture, even imported high-end European furniture. . Solid wood is generally only used in small parts such as wood strips and edge sealing. On the other hand, whether it is traditional furniture or modern furniture, the wood used is clearly divided into high, medium and low grades due to factors such as material, texture, and resources. Low-grade solid wood is not as valuable as high-grade veneer. Especially for many middle and low-grade solid woods, due to the failure of dehydration treatment (wood for furniture usually requires kiln drying and the relative moisture content is below 10%-12%), after being made into furniture, there is a great chance of deformation and bursting. And high-end solid wood furniture is often expensive.
In short, the biggest advantage of the plate type is that the mechanical properties are generally better than that of solid wood. The reason why customers have this mentality is not completely wrong.
Objectively speaking, from the perspective of "environmental protection of the living room", the VOC content of solid wood is much lower than that of board. From the perspective of "global environmental protection", the use of plates can alleviate resource shortages to a certain extent, which is conducive to sustainable development.
There are also a lot of solid wood and veneer used in modern wood furniture. At present, the common ones in the Guangdong market are as follows:
1. The highest quality of mahogany, black walnut and walnut wood, mainly produced in North America and Europe.
The heartwood of mahogany is usually light reddish brown with a beautiful characteristic stripe pattern in radial section. Domestic walnut, lighter in color. Black walnut is light dark brown with purple, and the chord section is a beautiful large parabola pattern (big mountain pattern). Black walnut is very expensive, and veneer is usually used for furniture, and solid wood is rarely used.
2. Cherry, imported cherry wood is mainly produced in Europe and North America. The wood is light yellowish brown with elegant texture. The chord section has a medium parabolic pattern with small circle patterns in between. Cherry wood is also a high-grade wood, and veneer is usually used for furniture, and solid wood is rarely used.
3. Beech, the beech here refers to beech, which is different from the beech of "South Beech and North Elm" in traditional Chinese furniture. Beech wood is bright and light yellow in color, with dense "needles" (wood rays), and the peeling has a mountain pattern. European imported beech has fewer defects and is much better than domestic beech. Imported beech is a medium and high-grade wood in China, and veneer is commonly used, and solid wood is also used as dining chairs and small square bars.
4. Maple, maple is light yellow in color and has a small mountain pattern. The biggest feature is the "shadow" (partial luster is obvious). Maple is a mid-range wood, and both veneer and solid wood are common.
5. Birch, the color of birch is light yellow, and the characteristics of easy separation are many "water lines" (black lines). Birch is also a mid-range wood, with both solid wood and veneer being common.
6. Rubber wood, the primary color is light yellow brown, with messy small rays, the material is light and soft, and it is a low-grade solid wood material. Businessmen often call it "oak", which is actually a fish in troubled waters. Real oak is more expensive. European white oak has elegant texture, and North American red oak has a large mountain grain. Both of them are hard and heavy, and their appearance, structure and material are not comparable to those of rubber wood.
Others, such as pine, fir, oak, paulownia, etc., are relatively low-grade furniture materials.
The development of modern wooden furniture has formed a large market structure with various styles, complete varieties and complete grades. While the diversified market provides a wealth of choices, it also derives the problem of a mixed bag and indistinguishable good from bad. As a customer, be sure to keep your eyes open when buying.
Solid wood is mostly used for varieties and parts with less material, and solid wood is rarely used for precious wood. For example, solid wood dining chairs are more common, but generally high-end imported beech is used, and maple, birch, and domestic beech are used for mid-range.
There are many finishing materials for modern panel furniture, among which veneer and stickers are commonly used, but the grades are completely different. Wood veneer furniture is rich in natural texture, beautiful and durable, but the price is relatively high, while sticker furniture is easy to wear, afraid of water, and bears collision, but the price is low and belongs to popular products. Some furniture varieties with little wear and no water sources are also mainly stickers, such as shoe cabinets and bookcases.
When customers visit a furniture store, they will see descriptions such as "walnut base cabinet", "cherry wood coffee table", "beech wood dining chair" on the price tag. At this time, it is very important to figure out whether it is solid wood, veneer or stickers. Solid wood and veneer can be called "cherry wood furniture", but stickers can only be called "cherry wood grain furniture", otherwise it will be a mixed bag.
Solid wood - wood grain, wood rays (if any, usually appear as "needles") are clearly visible, and more or less should have some natural imperfections (wood knots, wood spots, etc., black lines, etc.). For the same piece of solid wood, whether it is a plank or a wooden strip, the wood grain at the two interfaces should be able to clearly see the natural connection between the longitudinal section and the cross section.
Veneer - clear wood grain and wood rays. There should also be natural imperfections. Because the veneer has a certain thickness (about 0.5mm), two adjacent interfaces are encountered when making furniture. Usually, they do not turn, but stick one piece each. Therefore, the wood grains of the two interfaces should not usually be connected. Stickers - wood grain and wood rays are clearly visible. Even imported high-grade paper can be imitated even with wood defects, but it is still different from natural veneer and looks fake. Sticker furniture is easy to reveal flaws in the corners. In addition, because the thickness of wood grain paper is very small (0.08mm), it will be directly wrapped at the junction of two planes, resulting in the wood grain of the two interfaces being connected (usually longitudinal sections).